RUBBISH IN ANCIENT TIMES
Rubbish is all that exists in our lives but is kept at a distance from us. Before something comes into being, it has a beginning. So, let’s take a quick look at the brief history and facts about rubbish. It is quite different and also interesting for us to know about the rubbish and how it came into our existence. We are using garbage for many purposes but we are not aware of its history. So, let us know more about it in this article.
In ancient times, people simply left their rubbish and moved on. After settling in villages, they were having the problem of disposing of the waste. So, they covered it with earth and causing an increase in the ground level. In medieval cities, the wastes are thrown into the street leading to the spread of rats and causing disease. These factors make us think to find an alternative to minimize waste. As we were crossing centuries, we found some suitable temporary measures.
Owing to all these, in the 19th century we thought of finding a solution for this. We implemented the idea of recycling the waste into a useful one. Likewise, human manure and horse’s were taken to farms for fertilizer. Cinders used home fires for brickmaking. In 1874, we found a rubbish burning incinerator called The Destructor. Also, Paris introduced the first dustbin.
During the 20th century, we found thousands of new and disposable goods. Disused electronic equipment like TVs, computers, phones began to join the growing rubbish dumps. Through this, we are able to control the amount of waste to some extent. But, we are facing some difficulties in maintaining it as the need for us is increasing leading to an increase in waste too. We need to find a source for this to reduce it.
HOW MUCH WASTE DO WE PRODUCE?
Every country produces half a tonne of household rubbish every year, which means a single country alone produces 30 million tonnes. Through this, we can understand that this is enough to fill dustbins stretching from earth to moon. But that’s not all. It is quite shocking for us as we all consume more household rubbish alone.
We should know that household rubbish alone does not contribute to much waste. Adding to this, we have more consumption of plastic too. Also, we know that plastic contributes to increasing waste and we don’t have control over it too. So, we need to minimize this usage too in order to reduce it.
Household rubbish makes up only 7 per cent of the yearly total. The rest comes from the following mentioned here:
Mining and Quarrying (114 million tonnes)
Agriculture (86 million)
Demolition and Construction – bricks, soil, etc (80 million)
Industrial waste (55 million)
Dredged spoils from rivers and harbours (34 million)
Commercial waste (25 million)
Sewage (4 million)
WHERE DOES IT GO?
Most of the wastes ends up underground – in giant municipal pits, or landfill sites, where it can rot out of sights.
We usually do this to prevent dangerous chemicals from seeping into the ground. However, many discarded objects take decades to break down and we are running out of suitable places to bury waste. We are in need to find a permanent solution for this in order to reduce the amount of wastage.
We have many measures but we couldn’t find time to do them as we all have our own commitments. By reading this history and facts about the rubbish we can see that some measures should be taken by us.
CONCLUSION – WAYS TO REDUCE WASTE
Finally, it is understood that we cannot eliminate waste but there are some ways where we can reduce its usage. It can be done if we follow the things mentioned below:
Using Shopping bags and reducing unnecessary carry bags
We can buy vegetables and fruits lose and not pre-packed
We can use Recycled goods and reusable nappies
Choosing durable products over disposable ones, eg: rechargeable batteries
Donating unwanted clothes to charity shops or jumbo sales
Buying drinks in glass bottles (even if it is broken, we can mend it)
Taking glass, cans, paper and cardboard to recycle tanks
Composting leftover food, garden waste, paper and vacuum cleaner dust
So, we have seen the history and facts of rubbish. By following this, we can surely reduce the waste and have a clean and green environment. The things mentioned are not much difficult for us, provided if we take steps. So, we must take care of ourselves and the environment.
It is our duty to follow this and make ourselves moving towards a sustainable environment. We need to move a step forward in implementing this and encouraging others also to do. We should think about this and make our move. I’ll conclude by asking one question to all of us whether we have tried anyone mentioned above. If so, do comment below.
Written by: Ananie Borgia