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People Who Changed The World

People Who Changed The World

The World – Then and Now

It’s been a long time where we crossed all centuries and now we are in a developed state. We crossed many ages and obstacles to get what we want. We know how the ancient people imagined and dreamed of having the right to do what they like. Also, the desire of having a life where we get the necessary things to live in.

Now, we can do many things of our wish and make ourselves happy. We are living in a world where we get everything we want. We are gaining many benefits in this current century in all ways. But, are we aware of how these changes occurred and who are the people behind them? So, let us have a look at the people who changed the world and are the source of what we are cherishing now.



Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus is one of the most famous explorers of all. He reached Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean in 1942. Also, he set sail in Santa Maria to prove his theory. His discoveries led to the European exploration and settlement of the Americans. So, through this, we are able to find a map for the exploration of Europe.


Charles Darwin

Naturalist Charles Darwin established the theory of evolution. He began forming his ideas when he served as an official naturalist on a world voyage on HMS Beagle. And, he spent the rest of his life developing them. According to him, Human beings are descended from an ape-like ancestor and he challenged this. Another English Naturalist, Alfred independently developed similar ideas at the same time as Darwin. Through this, we are able to know about the survival of the fittest.

KARL MARX (1818-83)

Karl Max

Karl Marx’s ideas on economic history and sociology changed the world. Marx is a social philosopher who predicted a future in which everyone is equal. His theories “Communist Manifesto” and “ Das Kapital” eventually led to the Russian Evolution and communism. As a result, in 1950 half of the world’s people are living under communist regimes. So, Karl Max’s theory made us know more about sociology.



Emmeline Pankhurst is the most famous women who campaigned for the right to vote in the UK. From 1905 she fought for the vote and was frequently arrested and imprisoned. She died in 1928 shortly before her aims were realized and every woman over 21 years old was granted to vote. Through this, we can find that women are capable and strong to face things.

MAHATMA GANDHI (1869-1948)

Gandhi began his career as a lawyer but became a great political and spiritual leader. He led the peaceful civil disobedience of Indians against British rule in India. Also, he negotiated with the British until 1947 when India was granted Independence.

Gandhi is the first icon of a people’s struggle against oppression. Moreover, he is a symbol of peace ever since his simple lifestyle and his belief in religious tolerance. So, the story of Gandhi tells us the importance of peace we should follow.



Einstien is one of the greatest of all physicists and he is the symbol of genius. After his work on “The General Theory Of Relativity”, it became popular and the most celebrated scientist in the world. He won the Nobel prize for physics in 1921. He is a firm believer in pacifism, but his scientific theories helped the USA, to develop the atomic bomb.

A week before he died, he wrote to Russell, a British philosopher urging all countries to give up their nuclear weapons. Through this, we can understand the work of einstein in avoiding the usage of nuclear weapons which is harmful to all of us.



American biologist James and English Scientist Francis discovered the molecular theories of DNA, using the theories of Maurice Wilkins. Their theory helps to explain how DNA causes hereditary information. Also, their discoveries revolutionized our understanding of genetics and the study of disease. So, through this, we are able to get an idea of the importance of DNA in our life.






Martin along with Nelson Mandela is a Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of blacks in the southern states of the USA. He is a follower of Gandhi and believed in peaceful protest. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and was assassinated in 1968. Through his works, he will always be remembered for his dignified, passive resistance to an unjust society. As a result, we can understand the importance of peace.

BILL GATES (1955-)


Bill Gates created the first computer program while still in high school, co-founded Microsoft in 1977, and in 1993 the richest man on the earth. In 2000 Gates and his wife formed the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation which is the largest charity in the world. Furthermore, one of its aims is to rid the Third world of polio and other deadly diseases. So, this made us step towards a digital world.


These are the people who changed the world and is a cause for everything. Now, we know the reason of how we are enjoying the benefits we get. There is hard work behind every single thing we get. Can we imagine a world without computer and many other things? What if Bill gates didn’t take a step in finding his invention. Without Gandhi, freedom wouldn’t be possible for us and the right for African people will not be possible without Martin.

There is a reason behind everything for us. Also, we didn’t get everything for free and there is a struggle at the back of us. We need to know the importance of the work done by all these famous leaders. And, without them, it is not possible for us to have a happy living. We need to utilize it to the utmost thing and we should not take advantage of it.

Written by: Ananie Borgia


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