The Art of Web Development
Web Development, also known as Web Programming, is the building and maintenance of websites. In other words, it is the creation of web applications. It generally implies the work that happens behind the scenes to make sure that a website looks great, works fast, and performs well with a seamless user experience.
Some common and famous examples of web applications would be e-commerce sites such as Amazon or social networking sites such as Facebook.
Web developer, as the name suggests, are the ones involved in Web Development. They are the artists, who with the help of coding, create and maintain the website. Maintaining a website needs special care in the form of diagnosing problems in the website’s functionality, making changes to fix those issues and obviously, understanding the innate workings by reading the code behind it.
Why Web Developer?
Firstly, because it is one of the most sought after jobs in the world of technology. It ranked 8 in the report of U.S. News & World Report for Best Technology Jobs in 2018. This is primarily because, the whole world revolves around the virtual network and websites serve as the best way for providing services and advertisement.
Secondly, the financial aspect of taking web development as a career. While web developers have further sub-career opportunities that they can choose, the salary mostly depends on skills and experience. The more experience you have and the better skilled you are raises your pay scale to exorbitant amounts. Staying updated on the newer skills on the market is of course, highly recommended.
Thirdly, if you are into freelancing, this is an excellent career path. Not being tied down to a single company or establishment, provides you the freedom to work in different companies of your choice and negotiate deals according to your own terms and convenience.
Fourthly, you have a chance to shape and become a part of the future. This is a no brainer considering how much the world revolves around the services provided by the Internet. And amongst the ones who makes it happen are the Web Developers. In short, you become a part of the future.
What does Web Development include?
Web Development can be broadly classified into two categories-
- Front-end development
- Back-end development
The Front-end development basically focuses on the visual elements of the website, that is the ones that we can see. This primarily includes the text, the content, the design and basic user interface. It is the job of a Front-end developer to bind and structure the elements, give a good design to make it look attractive and add interactive elements. Three languages are commonly used-
- HTML to create the web-page,
- CSS for setting the style rules for the appearance of webpages and finally,
The Back-end development focuses on the elements that goes on behind the webpage. The back-end consists of the server that holds the website, the database to store the data and an application for running it. The back-end developer uses computer programs to ensure that the server, the database and the application run smoothly together. The role of such a developer is to analyze the needs of a company and provide efficient programming solutions. Some of the commonly used server-side languages are-
- Ruby on Rails
There is however, another category known as Full-stack development. This includes both front-end and back-end development. Full-stack developers focus on both the visual elements and interactivity as well as the server, the database and the application to run the website. This naturally needs a higher degree of expertise as one needs to master both front-end and back-end development.
There are numerous tricks and nuances to mastering this art. It takes time and perseverance to catch on to these nuances. However, with proper tutelage, Web Development can be an exciting career prospect with high demand in the markets.